the below chart can be seen in full with this link.
Southern Baja Legal Services | LEXSUR Group would like to thank everyone that attended our 1st Immigration Seminar in LV. For those who've attended or met me/the team, you probably know by now that our teams' effort has been to keep-up with all the ongoing changes with this New Immigration Law that kicked-in this past Nov. 9th; one goal has been in understanding the difference between the Old vs the New Mexican Immigration Law (as it is slowly publicly made available) so we could then pass-on/share the information with you.
The first piece of information that you all need to know on this quest of understanding or staying up-to-date is first figuring-out what your current visa is now equivalent to, e.g. under the old law (Tourist Card, FM3, FM2 or Inmigrado) as of Nov. 9th, under the new law its either a Visitor, Temporary & Permanent Resident Card. On this link “Mexican Immigration Reform Law: Visa Equivalence Chart”, you will find our English version of the equivalence chart that was uploaded onto the INM site this past Friday, enjoy!
You could also find the chart along with more info, such as the new INM options under the new Visitor / Resident Cards on our website: www.lexsur.com | email@example.com
the below chart can be seen in full with this link.
I talked with an INM supervisor and an experienced agent for an hour yesterday at our Merida office, and confirmed the following things for how Merida INM is handling residency applications.
1. They confirmed that all current FM2 and FM3 permit holders get full credit for time they have completed on their current permit. 2. If you want a Residente Permanente card, FM2 and FM3 years count towards the 4 years of Residente Temporal requirement.
3. FM2 and FM3 holders are asked to submit a cover letter describing that you want a "renovacion" of your current permit, changing to either Residente Temporal or Residente Permanente.
4. FM2 holders with Familiar/spouse status are eligible to apply for Residente Permanente after completing 2 years on their FM2.
5. The income requirements for proving fiscal independence are cut in half (1/2) for both home-owning Residente Permanente and Residente Temporal applicants who already have valid Inmigrante Rentista or No Inmigrante Rentista permits. This same condition is being reported from Yucalandia readers across Mexico.
6. They are generally not requiring bank statements from people who already have their FM2 Rentista or FM3 Rentista. They do however, reserve the right to ask for proof of sufficient income.
7. New applicants for Residente Permanente or Temporal (who have no current FM2 or FM3) are required to show proof of sufficient income.
8. If you have a "Lucrativo" category of prior INM permit, then you likely have to show bank statements. e.g. Permisos para realizar actividades remuneradas , have different requirements than Rentistas or Jubilados.
9. When you enter your information into the INM website, prior to going to your local office: One block of information is actually a Formato Basico, so most people do not have to fill out a Formato Basico at the INM office.
10. Bring the standard stuff on your first visit to the INM office: Letter, copies of key passport pages, passport, current INM card, but NO bank statements. They will ask for these later if they decide they want them.
Our full article with all the details on the New Immigration Rules for Mexico is at:
New Rules and Procedures for Immigration, Visiting, and Staying in Mexico - Nov. 11, 2012
New Immigration Laws 2012
By Yucatan Expatriate Services
On September 28, 2012 a new set of Regulations of the Immigration Laws of Mexico were officially published. The new laws themselves were published and discussed over a year ago, but were not put into effect and the details were not released. Now details have been explained and the regulations will be in effect soon, so now is the time to let everyone know what has changed.
These new regulations will come into effect 30 working days from the date of publication (on November 9, 2012). The regulations regarding the General Law of Population on migratory control, verification and regulation will then be officially annulled, including the Manual on Criteria and Migratory Procedures of the National Institute of Migration through which the present visa designations of Non-Immigrant, Immigrant and Immigrated were defined. Anyone with a current visa (FM2 or FM3) can continue to use their current visa until the expiration date, at which point they will have to renew under one of the categories outlined below.
New Immigration Law Details
The following are the most important new details of this new act:
The Migratory status of â€śNon-Immigrantâ€ť (previously known as FM3), â€śImmigrantâ€ť (previously known as FM2) and Immigrated (Inmigrado) shall cease to exist and shall be replaced by visas that pertain to the ‘conditions of stay’. The new designations will be Visitor (Visitante), Temporary Resident (Residente Temporal) and Permanent Resident (Residente Permanente).
The present visa cards or booklets designating FM2 or FM3 status will cease to be valid and will be replaced by Visitor, Temporary Resident and Permanent Resident cards.
The newly published regulations establish the criteria, requirements and procedures for the following types of visas. We want to stress that the people at the immigration offices are getting trained as we write this article, so details about how these rules will be enacted and questions about discrepancies and changes are still unclear.
Visitor Visa without Permission to Engage in Lucrative Activities (Visa de visitante sin permiso para realizar actividades remuneradas)
This visa may be granted for up to ten years. The applicant may be granted this visa if they can demonstrate one or more of the following circumstances:
They have sufficient economic solvency
They are a frequent traveler to Mexico
They are a researcher, scientist, humanist, artist, athlete, prestigious journalist (national or international) or are another type of promiment person
They are the spouse, concubine or equivalent, child, parent or sibling of a Mexican or a temporary or permanent resident, but are not intending to reside in the country
They are the spouse, concubine or equivalent, child, parent or sibling of a diplomatic or consular official accredited in Mexico who are ordinary passport holders
Being a supervisor of a foreign company with a subsidiary in the country or executive staff of subsidiaries or sales offices of Mexican companies abroad.
A non-Mexican who obtains this visa may request the issuance of the same for their spouse, concubine or equivalent and their children, if the children or adolescents are under their legal custody or if they are over-age but still in their legal custody. In this case, the applicant must prove the relationship and they must also prove that they have sufficient economic solvency to support those dependents, and that they are frequent travelers.
This visa will be issued for those non-Mexicans interested in being in the country for no more than 180 days. The fee for this visa is $295 pesos.
Visitor visa with permission to engage in lucrative activities (Visa de visitante con permiso para realizar actividades remuneradas)
This visa will be issued for those non-Mexicans interested in doing business in Mexico for no more than 180 days. The individuals or legally-established corporations in the country who want to give a job to a non-Mexican may submit an application for a specific person to perform a specific job. They must provide the following information:
Proof of an employer registration record issued by the Instituto Nacional de MigraciĂłn (INM)
The name and nationality of the non-Mexican
The position he or she will perform for the company
The amount of compensation for this position and this person
The duration of the job
The address of the workplace
Proof of ability to pay for his/her travel
Immigration authorities may conduct verification visits to the workplace to check the veracity of the job, the existence of the petitioner or any other information presented in the application. Upon approval, the visa issues will allow the person performing the job to engage in activities for pay and will be for the duration of the position as stated in the application.
The fee for this visa is $2,350 pesos.
Visitor Visa For Adoption (Visa de visitante para realizar trĂˇmites de adopciĂłn)
The visitor visa for adoption procedures may be issued to non-Mexicans linked to an adoption process in Mexico. The applicant must provide proof of the existence or initiation of an international adoption procedure with the National System for Integral Family Development (DIF) in Mexico.
The visitor visa for adoption purposes will be issued for only one hundred and eighty calendar days with a single entry. The non-Mexican must request this visa within the first thirty calendar days after his/her entry into Mexico. This visa will remain valid until the adoption has concluded and, where appropriate, the formalities of registration before the Civil Registry, such as issuing passports and other necessary arrangements to ensure that the child or adolescent will be admitted to the country of residence of the adopter, have been completed.
The fee for this visa is $2,280 pesos.
Temporary Resident Visa (Visa de residente temporal)
The temporary resident visa is issued to a non-Mexican who declares his/her intention to remain in Mexico for a period exceeding one hundred and eighty days and up to four years. The applicant must demonstrate one of the following:
Sufficient economic resources to pay for accommodations and meals during their stay in Mexico
Participation in a scientific research project or sample collection in Mexico or the territorial waters of Mexico, after having obtained the appropriate authorizations from the appropriate national authorities (e.g., INAH, etc.)
Family relationship to a Mexican, temporary or permanent resident
An invitation from an organization or a public or private institution in Mexico to participate in any activity for which they will gain no income. The invitation should be on letterhead and indicate the activity that the applicant will be performing, the duration and the address of the workplace and the person or company accepting responsibility to pay for their travel and living expenses. Otherwise, the applicant must demonstrate sufficient economic solvency to cover his/her living expenses during his/her stay in the country
Ownership of real estate in Mexico with a value equivalent to the amount stipulated in the â€śGeneral Administrative Provisionsâ€ť which will be issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and has not yet been published in the Mexican Official Gazette
Ownership of investments in Mexico that consist of:
Capital stock in Mexican companies in accordance with laws and other legal provisions, with a value that exceeds the amount provided for in the â€śGeneral Administrative Provisionsâ€ť (to be issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and published in the Mexican Official Gazette)
Movable or fixed assets used for commercial or business in accordance with laws and other legal provisions, whose value exceeds the amount provided for in the â€śGeneral Administrative Provisionsâ€ť (to be issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and published in the Mexican Official Gazette)
Development of economic and business activities in the country in accordance with laws and other legal provisions that generate formal jobs in terms of the â€śGeneral Administrative Provisionsâ€ť (to be issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and published in the Mexican Official Gazette)
The temporary resident visa will be valid for one hundred and eighty calendar days with a single entry. The applicant must apply for the resident card within the first thirty calendar days after their entry into Mexico. After 4 years with the temporary resident visa, the applicant can apply for the permanent resident visa.
The fee for this visa is:
Up to one year: $3,130 pesos
Up to 2 years: $4,690 pesos
Up to 3 years: $5,940 pesos
Up to 4 years: $7,040 pesos
Temporary Student Resident Visa (Visa de residente temporal estudiante)
This visa is issued to a non-Mexican who intends to enter into Mexico for courses, studies, research projects or training in educational institutions belonging to the Mexican national education system which will last for more than one hundred and eighty days. The temporary student resident visa is valid for one hundred eighty calendar days with a single entry. The applicant must apply for the resident card within the first thirty calendar days after his or her entry into Mexico.
If the student wants to work while staying in Mexico, the fee will be $2,350 pesos. If the student does not work, there will be no charge for this visa.
Permanent Resident Visa (Visa de residente permanente)
This visa will be issued to a non-Mexican who intends to enter the country in order to reside indefinitely. The applicant must demonstrate one of the following situations:
Family relationship to a Mexican or permanent resident of Mexico
Retirement status, with sufficient monthly income to cover living expenses during their stay in Mexico. Currently, “sufficient monthly income” is 250 times the minimum salary in Mexico city for FM3 and 400 times the minimum salary for FM2. (The minimum daily salary at this writing is $62.33 pesos. That would make the minimums for visas $15,582.50 pesos and $24,932.00 pesos ($1215.35 USD and $1944.61 USD at $12.82 pesos to the USD).)
Meeting the categories and the minimum score required to enter through the Point System under the â€śGeneral Administrative Provisionsâ€ť (to be issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and published in the Mexican Official Gazette)
That he or she has been granted political asylum by the Mexican government
The permanent resident visa will be valid for one hundred and eighty calendar days with a single entry. The applicant must apply for their resident card within the first thirty calendar days after his or her entry into Mexico.
The fee for this visa is $3,815 pesos.
The Point System for Mexican Visas
There are eight basic categories in the selection criteria of the new Point System for eligibility for Permanent Residency. It is Mexico’s hope that these criteria will attract foreign investors or people with high competency in areas such as science, technology, sports, arts and humanities or any other skills that strengthen and promote the development and competitiveness of Mexico.
The selection criteria may include, but are not limited to, the following:
Work experience in areas of interest to the country that have high demand and low supply
Work experience in other areas
Skills in science and technology
Acknowledgements and international awards
Spanish language proficiency
Knowledge of Mexican culture
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs will issue the categories in the â€śGeneral Administrative Provisionsâ€ť which will be published in the Mexican Official Gazette. This will also include the weighting of points corresponding to each category, as well as the minimum score required to enter through this route.
The Ministry will review the Point System every three years, and if necessary will publish in the Mexican Official Gazette any addendums, modifications or deletions of categories. They may also change the weighting of points corresponding to each category, as well as the minimum scores and any other information in the Point System.
A non-Mexican who wishes to enter the country through the Point System must apply for visa at the consular office, attaching a completed pre-qualification form, accompanied by the documents proving that they meet the requirements of the category.
The non-Mexican holder of a temporary resident visa or temporary work visa who wishes to remain in Mexico when their visa runs out may request a change to the status of permanent resident status via the Point System.
Other Visa-Related Considerations
A visitor visa application for adoption and temporary resident student can in no case be made directly to the Institute.
Consular offices may issue a replacement temporary resident visa, the temporary student resident visa, permanent resident visa, visitor visa for adoption procedures and visitor visas without permission to engage in lucrative activity for humanitarian reasons to the non-Mexican holder of that visa. They may do so if the visa holder has had their visitor or resident card stolen, lost or destroyed. Non-Mexicans must process their replacement request within the first thirty calendar days after the loss of the card.
The Immigration Institute (INM) shall establish in the General Administrative Provisions which will soon be published in the Mexican Official Gazette, the features, form and design of the cards, and other immigration documents.
The card that certifies the status of temporary resident stay may be valid for one, two, three or four years, starting from when the non-Mexican was given that particular status.
When the temporary resident obtains a work permit, the card certifying their status will have validity for as long as the job lasts.
The holder of the temporary resident card may, within thirty calendar days prior to its expiration date, request the visa’s renewal for up to a total of four years.
Children of foreign nationality under the age of three can only obtain a resident card with a validity of one year, until they are three years old.
The card certifying the status of temporary resident will give the holder the right to make multiple entries and exits from the country.
The permanent resident card will be valid for an indefinite term, but Non-Mexicans who are minors and older than three will have to renew their permanent resident card every four years until they are of legal age.
The card certifying the status of permanent resident will give the holder the right to make multiple entries and exits of the country and to maintain a work permit once they are of legal age.
A non-Mexican who is outside the country when their visa status expires, may enter the country with it up to fifty-five calendar days from its expiration. Within fifty-five calendar days, no penalty will be applied and the application for renewal must be submitted within five working days after admission into Mexico. Entry into Mexico will not be allowed for non-Mexicans holding a document that is more than fifty-five calendar days past its date of expiration.
Non-Mexicans in the possession of a temporary student resident card can obtain a work permit if they are doing postgraduate or advanced classes, or research.
The owners of a visa as visitors for humanitarian activities and permanent residents have an implicit work permit.
Temporary and permanent residents must notify the INM, within ninety calendar days following the occurrence, of any changes in marital status, nationality, residence or workplace.
Any visa applications that are pending on the date that these regulations go into effect shall be completed in accordance with the provisions in force at the time of the start of the application.
The immigration documents proving regular migration status of Non-Mexicans, which have been issued before these regulations go into effect, shall continue to have legal effect until their expiration. The one exception is the Non-immigrant Local Guest, whose visa must be replaced in accordance with the General Administrative Provisions issued by the INM that will be published in the Mexican Official Gazette.
As you can see if you read all of the above, the rules for immigration into Mexico have changed fairly substantially and we believe it will take some time for the rules and the way they are applied to be ironed out. As of this writing (October 15, 2012), our contacts inside the INM have informed us that they are in training to understand how to implement and apply these new rules. There will be new forms, new computer procedures and new documents. We encourage you all to be patient.
Of course, if you need assistance with your new visa or a visa renewal, the project managers at Yucatan Expatriate Services are ready to assist you. Just write us at firstname.lastname@example.org or call us at the number at the bottom of the website.
As always, your comments and questions are welcome!
many changes are coming, check this site.
cancelling a FM3 fm2
many changes are coming, check this site.
[u][list][*]Permanent residents. these are foreigners who are allowed to stay in the country indefinitely, with permission to work in exchange for remuneration in Mexico.
The condition of permanent resident may be granted to the expatriates that are in any of the following circumstances:
7, By being ascendant or descendant in a straight line (up to the second generation) of a Mexican by birth
- 1, For reasons of political asylum, the recognition of refugee status and subsidiary protection or for the determination of statelessness, subject to compliance with the requirements of the Law
2, For the right to preserve the family union
3, Retirees or pensioners that receive an income for services rendered abroad from a foreign government or international agency or private company, that allows them to live in the country
4, As per decision of the Immigration Institute, regarding the Points System
5, Because they have had temporary residence for 4 years
6, By having Mexican children by birth
Foreigners who are granted Permanent Resident status will be able to obtain a permit to work in exchange for remuneration in Mexico and the right to enter and leave the country as many times as desired. They will also be able to bring their personal property into Mexico in the manner and terms that apply under the applicable Law.
cancelling a FM3 fm2
Need to change from your FM3 or FM2 - to go to a visitor FMM permit?
Take a letter to INM describing and documenting who you are (FM3 number, passport number, name, etc) and state that you want to abandon your FM3. The old FM3 booklets used to say:
“At the termination of the circumstances for which residency in the country of the owner was authorized, he/she should abandon the country within 30 days, relinquishing this document at the migration office where he/she exits (the country).”
Which gives you 30 days to leave the country and maybe go get an FMM?
The new immigration law contains a variety of changes, and some of them are particularly relevant for expats living in Mexico. President Felipe Calderon signed the law in May 2011, but its enforcement was postponed to 2012. The public has access to the immigration law, Ley de Migración, but the whole regulations and requirements leading to its implementation are still to be published.
The most significant change of the Ley de Migración is related to the FMM’s system which is now obsolete. This FMM system is replaced with 9 immigration statues that fall into two categories: visitors and residents.
Has the right to stay in Mexico for no more than 4 years
Has the right to carry out remunerated activities
Can bring along other members of the family: spouse, children, concubine, parents; the family members also have the right to stay in Mexico for 4 years and work.
Temporary resident who comes to Mexico to study
Has the right to stay in Mexico over the duration of courses, studies, and other academic activities
Has the right to work in a field related to the subject of study
Has the right to bring along other family members
Has the right to stay in Mexico without any restrictions
Permanent resident status is granted to the following categories:
People seeking political asylum
Relatives of a permanent resident (spouse, child, parent, concubine, siblings)
Retired and pensioned people
Individuals who have stayed in Mexico for more than 4 years
People who have children born in Mexico
Descendants of Mexicans
People who meet the requirements of the Point System
The best part of the new law is that a foreigner can apply for permanent status after only 4 years of temporary residence. There are two shortcuts to the permanent resident status: marriage with a Mexican (two years required) and the Point System. This Point System will allow people to obtain this status earlier depending on their education, skills, work experience, and knowledge in specific areas of interest such as science and technology.
Last edited by dean on Sat Jul 28, 2012 5:37 pm; edited 4 times in total
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